Fuels & Specialties
Drop-in Compatible Fuels
All FT derived fuels are high performance, low emissions products with zero sulphur, no metals and, in the case of diesel, a centane number above 70 (compared to 45-50 typical for US ASTM D975 spec diesel and 51 minimum for European EN 590 spec). EFT offers upgrading packages for the production of:
- Diesel Blend stock (ideal for upgrading lower quality petroleum feedstocks thereby extending the diesel pool for many refiners)
- ASTM D975 spec diesel (winter and summer spec)*
- Jet Blend stock (SPK per ASTM D7566 spec)
- JP-8/JP-5 Appendix A (SPK per Mil-DTL-83133G)
- Naval Distillate (NATO F-76 per Mil-DTL-1688L)
- HEFA/HRJ Fuels (from seed or algae oils) to ASTM D7366 specs
All of the above fuels have been made in our laboratory as part of the upgrade development process. Several simulation models have been developed to allow us to calculate yield of targeted products based on syncrude alpha, upgrading catalyst combination and operating conditions selected.
In all cases above, the product slate will include naphtha (gasoline blendstock) (C5 to C9) range material. Additionally, the upgrade strategy includes some combination of hydrotreating, hydrocracking and hydroisomerization with a distillation column designed to separate the products. In some cases, a portion of the alcohols and olefins found in the light end of the synthetic crude are blended into the final product to improve certain properties such as lubricity. The ability to control the iso to normal paraffin ratio without excessive cracking is essential to maintain high product yield while achieving required cold flow properties.
* If you intend to make fully synthetic diesel to sell directly into the market place review our white paper – EPA Fuel Additive Requirements for Diesel in the Thought Leadership